Amino Acids

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Amino Acids are the building block of protein for utilisation of both dry and green feed.

BLM contains the 10 essential amino acids:

1. Leucine: tissue repair, muscle mass, stress, growth, protein synthesis, bone, coat and blood haemoglobin.
2. Isoleucine: nervous system, energy, muscle, endurance and blood haemoglobin.
3. Valine: nervous system & glycogen production.
4. Lysine: helps the body absorb and conserve calcium, muscle development and immune system.
5. Methionine: a sulphur producing amino acid, promotes estrogen production and growth.
6. Phenylalanine: nervous system (stimulates endorphin)
7. Threonine: protein balance, immune system, nervous system, stress, bones and coat.
8. Tryptophan: stress.
9. Histidine: powerful nutrient, growth and blood health.
10. Arginine: essential for nutrition.

Protein digestion:
“Variable amounts of ingested protein pass from the rumen intact, but for most feeds a substantial proportion of protein is degraded by ruminal microorganisms to peptides and amino acids. Some of the peptides and amino acids may pass to the small intestine, where they are absorbed.

However, the majority of amino acids are deaminated in the rumen to form free ammonia plus the carbon skeleton from which the ammonia was removed. Ammonia is incorporated into amino acids by the ruminal microbes and eventually, microbial protein is formed. About 50% to 80% of microbial nitrogen is derived from ammonia with the remaining portions being derived from peptides and amino acids that are directly incorporated into microbial protein. A second fate of ammonia may be by absorption, across the wall of the rumen into the bloodstream. Absorbed ammonia is transported to the liver where it is synthesized into urea.

Urea may then (1) go to the kidney for excretion in the urine, (2) pass into saliva and then back into the rumen, or (3) pass into the bloodstream and back to the gut. Urea which enters the rumen either through recycling or from dietary sources is deaminated and metabolized.” Reference: Beef Cattle Feeding and Nutrition by Tilden Wayne Perry (10 essential amino acids for livestock).

Non-essential amino acids:

11. Alanine: glucose-alanine cycle and urea cycle.
12. Aspartic Acid: is a metabolite in the urea cycle.
13. Cystein: has antioxidant properties and essential for young stock.
14. Glutamic acid: involved in cellular metabolism, breaks down dietary proteins into amino acids.
15. Glycine: is considered a glycogenic acid, which means it helps supply the body with glucose needed for energy.
16. Tyrosine: to synthesize proteins.

The BLM system of incorporating these amino acids with the absorption and retention qualities of fulvic acid is the key to how this product minimizes the dependency on urea in lick and blocks.